11 Days Cultural & Danakil Tour, Eritrea
Best time to visit
The best time to visit Eritrea is October to March. These are regarded as the dry and pleasant months of the year across all the regions of the country.
The main wet season in Eritrea occurs from June to mid-September, with a smaller and lighter rainy season lasting from March to April. These are hotter months and are best avoided as the heavy rainfall not only adds to the humidity but also tends to restrict travel around the country. During these months temperatures may raise up to 40º C in some parts of the country.
The country has three climatic zones. The Central Highlands, the Red Sea Coastal Plains to the East and the Western Lowlands. The country's highlands have the most comfortable weather all through the year with annual temperatures around 18ºC and heavy down pours restricted to July and August. Annual temperatures in the western lowlands span 30-41ºC. The eastern coastlands are dry and arid where the mercury can rise to a frying 50ºC without hope of any rain whatsoever. This region is home to the Danakil Depression, renowned for its inhospitable intensity of climate.
Day 1 Asmara – Keren
68km north visit Debre Sina Monastery 4th Century. The pilgrimage centers on a Church above the village where a vision of Mary was said to have been seen by shepherd girls beneath a large boulder.
23km northwest visit Keren, visit Monday’s Camel & Live Stock Market.
Visit the Italian and Common Wealth War Cemeteries. Keren is well known for the fiercest battles that went on between the Common Wealth and the Italian forces in 1941. The fall of Keren in the hands of the Common Wealth advancing army signaled the end of an era of the Italian occupation in Eritrea. Visitors will also visit the famous Mariam Dearit Temple curved out from a Baobab tree. Keren is also well known for the Citrus Fruits like Guava, Orange, Papaya and Mango trees that it produces.
Day 2 Keren
Optional Mountain claiming on the surrounding Mountains & visit Farms, outskirts of Keren.
Visit Tigre Nomadic-Pastoralist Ethnic group residing in Eritrea and Sudan, they are related to the Biher-Tegrinya of Eritrea and to the Beja people of Sudan.
Visit Bilen are agriculturalist Cushitic ethnic group. They were formerly known as the Bogo or North Agaw.
Return back to Asmara, ascending from 1390 to 2400 meters above sea level.
Day 3 Asmara – Kohaito – Adi Keyh
South visit Dekemhare, Segeneiti in to Kohaito visit Archaeological Site, An Ancient dam, Traces of Ancient Palace, Rock Paintings, Tombs & view of the Grand Canyon proceed in to Adi Keyh.
Overnight: Adi Keyh
Day 4 Adikeyh – Senafe – Metera – Segeneiti – Asmara
25km south visit Senafe, a border town with neighboring Ethiopia.
Visit Archaeological Site of an Ancient in Belew Kelew 2.5 meter Erect Stele, demonstrating the ancient civilization. Climb Metera Mountain visit majestic chains of the Ambassoira Mountains. Visit Baobab Tree that gives fruits every month in its twelve branches, adjacent to St. Mary Ancient Church. Return back to Asmara.
Day 5 Asmara – Massawa
113km northeast Bird watching on Filfil Solomuna Road, resting at Sabur or Medhanit.
Visit Mai Wu’uii (hot spring) found some 40 kilometers from Massawa.
Via desert plains in to the port City of Massawa.
Day 6 Massawa
City tour of Massawa visiting a combination of Turkish and Italian Architects, an apparent indication of the Ottoman and Italian Colonial History.
Visit Massawa Gurgusum Beach.
Day 7 Massawa – Dessie Island
Boat Excursion Two Hours on the Red Sea for Fishing, Diving, Swimming & visit different Islands.
Overnight Camping: Dessie Island
Day 8 Dessie Island – Massawa
Finalize Dessie Island and return back to Massawa.
Day 9 Massawa – Foro – Adulis – Zula – Massawa
70km Danakil Desert Plains visit Ancient Port Adulis, also visit Ancient Port Zula.
Visit Gellalo Village…
Day 10 Massawa – Ghindae – Asmara
Zero Sea Level to a gradual climbing via Gahtelai, Dongolo Basso, Dongollo Alto, Ghindae in to Nefasit. Trek 7 kilometers to visit Debre Bizen Monastery.
The Debre Bizen Monastery of the legendary Saint Abune Philipos is visited yearly only by male pilgrims on August 11th according to the Gregorian calendar or according to the Julian or Geez Calendar on the 5th August.
Day 11 Asmara City Tour
- The Peak of St Mary Cemetery where one can see the whole of Asmara.
- The Medeber, where artisans recycle old tires and tins. They make shoes, oven, carpentry, red pepper mill. It was built circa 1912.
- The St Mary Church built circa 1900.
- The Grand Mosque built circa 1920s
- The Cathedral built circa 1920s
- The Post office built 1916 f) Albergo Italia built 1899.
- The Municipality established in 1890 H) Theatro Asmara built 1920s,
- Cinema Odeon, Cinema Roma built 1920s,
- Villa Roma built circa 1907 (now the residence of the Italian Embassy)